Imagine sitting down at a table in a small room with seven other people.
You’re all about to participate in a psychology experiment concerning people’s visual judgments.
The experimenter places two cards in front of you. The card on the left contains one vertical line. The card to the right has three lines of varying length.
The whole group is now asked, one at a time, to choose which of the three lines on the right card that matches the length of the left card. This task is repeated several times with different cards.
Everything is going smoothly. But then, all of a sudden, the entire group unanimously choose what is clearly the wrong line before it’s your turn.
The experimenter turns to you. What would you say?
The Science of Conformity
As is often the case with psychology experiments, the experimenter has played a little trick on you.
In reality, you’re the only participant. All the other people at the table are actors who have been carefully instructed to give the wrong answer simultaneously to some of the cards.
It’s not your visual judgment, but your level of conformity to the rest of the group that’s being tested.
This clever study design is one of the most famous ones in psychology and was initially conducted by Salomon Asch1. And the results he got were remarkable.
On average, about 33 percent of the participants who were placed in this situation conformed to the clearly incorrect majority. Over 12 attempts, about 75 percent conformed at least once (!).
In the control group, where there was no pressure to conform, less than 1 percent of participants gave the wrong answer.
How We Adapt to the People Around Us
Human beings are social creatures. Our need for belonging is very strong. Apparently, so much so that we prefer giving an answer that is clearly wrong as long as it makes us feel part of the group.
This tendency to adapt to the people around us has some serious practical implications for our lives. One study, for example, showed that if your friend becomes obese, your risk of obesity increases with 57 percent2.
Social scientists are well aware of how much we affect each other. They know that humans have a strong tendency to adopt the same goals3 and even the same feelings4 as the people around them.
In other words, it’s been well documented that:
- If you hang out with people who are pessimistic and lazy, you’re likely to feel as negative and perform as poorly as they do.
- If you surround yourself with enthusiastic and hard-working people, those are the feelings and attitudes you’ll adopt instead.
The People Around You Determine What’s Normal
A couple of months ago, I was regularly writing 1,000 words per day. I felt like I was stretching myself and considered dropping back to 500 words per day. Then my accountability coach Nik told me that he was writing SEVERAL thousand words every day for his 4 Minute Books site (which is awesome, by the way).
Suddenly, my 1,000 words a day goal didn’t feel like such a stretch anymore. And instead of lowering it, I found ways to increase it. By just telling me about his goals, Nik had successfully raised the bar for what was normal for me. If I didn’t have him in my corner, I would’ve lowered my goal instead.
And this kind of influence affects us all the time in every area of our lives. If the people around us have high standards, we’ll naturally adjust our own to match theirs. Unfortunately, if they have very low standards, that’s the way we’ll tend to gravitate instead.
How to Become Who You Want to Be
And this is why it’s so important to have the right people in your corner. If you want to realize all your potential, you need to surround yourself with individuals who are already at the level you want to be at (or who are at least enthusiastically pursuing the same goals as you are). Here are some ideas:
- Start a mastermind group. Put together a group of 3-5 people with similar goals. Meet up in person or online for an hour once a week to give each other feedback and encouragement.
- Get an accountability partner. Team up with one person and talk regularly about a specific goal you’re both pursuing.
- Read great blogs. No matter what you’re trying to get better at, chances are there is plenty of blogs on the topic. Collect your favorite writers in a Feedly account and let their goals and attitudes rub off on you every day.
- Go to meetups. Find or start a meetup group on Meetup.com.
- Get a coach. You can find a great coach here!
- People have a strong tendency to conform to each other.
- Your social circles have a huge effect on all areas of your life.
- The people around you determine what’s normal for you.
- To become who you want to be, you need to surround yourself with the people who make it possible.
- You can do this by, for example, starting a mastermind group, getting an accountability partner, reading the material of people you look up to, going to meetups, or getting a coach.
You are the average of the five people you spend the most time with.
— Jim Rohn
Who are your five people? Are you happy being the average of this group? Or is it time to start looking for some new influences?
- Asch Experiment
- The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years.
- Goal Contagion: Perceiving Is for Pursuing
- Emotional Contagion